Vitiligo, a condition of non-contagious milky white patches

Stigma against people with vitiligo still exists. There are still many people who are reluctant to touch and shake hands with vitiligo for fear of being transmitted. In fact, vitiligo is a skin disease that is not contagious.

"Vitiligo is not contagious, so there is no reason not to shake hands or touch with vitiligo people," advises Dr. Dian Pratiwi SpKK, FINSDV, FAADV from the Pramudia Skin and Sex Specialist Clinic in Jakarta.

Under normal conditions, the color of the skin, hair and eyes is determined by melanin-containing pigments. Meanwhile, in people with vitiligo the cells that make up melanin stop functioning or die. That is why one of the main characteristics of vitiligo is the appearance of milky white patches.

"Usually, the color change is first seen in areas exposed to mathari rays such as hands, feet, arms, face and lips," Dian said in a press conference in Central Jakarta, Wednesday (11/20/2019).

Until now, the exact cause of vitiligo can not be known. However, a lot of evidence shows that various mechanisms such as metabolic abnormalities, oxidative stress, autoimmune responses, and genetic factors contribute to the onset of this disease. "

Genetic factors can be the cause of their onset. For example one parent got vitiligo, then 25 percent of children could get it, if both parents have vitiligo then the child might get 50 percent, but not necessarily the child will also get vitiligo, "said the CEO of Pramudia Clinic who is also a specialist in skin and genitals Anthony Handoko on occasion the same one.

Not contagious but at risk of depression

Although not contagious and not life threatening, Dian said people with vitiligo often lack confidence. Even some who experience stress.

"The number is, people with vitiligo are five times more likely to be depressed than people who are not vitiligo," Dian said.

In fact, stress factors also affect the expansion or emergence of new vitiligo lesions. So, people with vitiligo should be able to regulate their stress levels.

"It is necessary to be mentally prepared to accept. In fact, from our experience, patients who are not too concerned about really fast improvement," said Anthony.